Repatriation in museums

Repatriation cases will continue as long as there is a market for such artifacts and museums avoid those items rooted in colonialism. If there is continued avoidance, then museums will distance themselves from other countries and groups Museums in the Post-Colonial Era andMuseums and Repatriation. Her current research interests relate to the care and protection of sacred and ceremonial objects, museum repatriation as a mechanism for cultural revitalization, and the development of indigenous museums models. Heritage preservation and interpretation ar

Repatriation seems the only way to address the historical injustice museums have caused. This is crucial to restore the agency of Africans as producers of their own history. Preservation is not. Gazette spoke with Philip Deloria, chair of the NAGPRA Advisory Committee, and past chair of the Repatriation Committee at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of the American Indian, to learn about the importance of following both the law and the spirit of the process, what the Peabody has already accomplished, and its future plans

Looking Back on NAGPRA: Partial Successes, But More to Be

In particular, repatriation, even if justified, is often portrayed as contrary to the aims and values of museums. However, in this paper, I argue that some of the very considerations museums appeal to in order to oppose repatriation claims can be turned on their heads and marshaled in favor of the practice Museums and repatriation. Whose art? Museums and repatriation. Repatriating artworks. This is the currently selected item. From tomb to museum: the story of the Sarpedon Krater. The many meanings of the Sarpedon Krater. Who owns the Parthenon sculptures? Plunder, war, Napoleon, and the Horses of San Marco Museums and Human Remains: Repatriation, Display, and Storage. Human remains collections in British Museums over the last 200-300 years have been an important aspect of cultural heritage, however, there have been ethical dilemmas surrounding their curation and display for several reasons After a summer of repatriation requests, the debate over the right of British museums to retain contested artefacts - objects that were often removed by Brit ish citizens from territories once ruled by the UK during its centuries as a colonial power - has gathered pace. In August, a Jamaican government minister requested that the British Museum hand back objects taken from the island.

Ethics, Repatriation & Museums ART STORI

  1. Museums should not see repatriation only for what is lost. They should also see what is gained. In the wake of European colonial explorations from the 1500s onward, museums were filled with.
  2. In the battle over cultural heritage, repatriation claims based strictly on national origin are more than just denials of cultural exchange: they are also arguments against the promise of encyclopedic museums — a category that includes the Metropolitan Museum of Art, in New York; the British Museum, in London; and the Louvre, in Paris
  3. g a neutral voice in the repatriation discussions. Museums are a reflection of society at large and should not hold objects that have a contentious nature as part of their provenance. Museums and Restitution: New Practices, New Approaches (pp. 2-3). Taylor and Francis. Kindle Edition
  4. In fact, calls for repatriation of holdings in American museums may be about to get much more heated, as attention to the matter migrates beyond Europe and demands for closer scrutiny intensify.
  5. Repatriation activities at the Smithsonian Institution are governed by the National Museum of the American Indian Act (NMAIA), 20 U.S.C. §80q (Public Law 101-185), as amended by the NMAI Act Amendment of 1996 (Public Law 104-278). The NMAIA requires the Smithsonian to repatriate Native American human remains, funerary objects, sacred.

Dutch museums also developed guidelines last year for repatriation of colonial-era artifacts in public collections and museums that focused on objects taken without the consent of the holder in the colonial era. The director of the Museum of World Cultures used some of the phrasing of the Savoy-Sarr proposal, speaking of power discrepancies. Repatriation is sensitive process, however, and there is a feeling among museum professionals that it would not be appropriate to use 3D printing in many scenarios. Stephen Welsh, the curator behind the ongoing project at Manchester Museum to repatriate 43 sacred and ceremonial objects to First Nation communities in Australia, says that his. Repatriation of objects is difficult because museums are nothing without their collections. And sending back human remains, many of which are rarely shown, is an easier option

The Museum Association Code of Ethics defines the ethical principles which guide museum practice and underpin policy and practice regarding the development of museum collections. Part of: Acquisition and accessioning , Deaccessioning and disposal , Restitution and repatriation Repatriation involves a return to one's own people. In the Native American context, repatriation involves returning Native American human remains and cultural objects back to tribal members or governments centuries after their collection. Archaeologists, educational institutions, natural history museums and government agencies acquired. Dutch museums vow to return art looted by colonialists This article is more than 8 months old Estimated 100,000 exhibits may be repatriated to remedy historical 'injustices

In addition to the 1990 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, which requires museums to return remains to tribes or lineal descendants that request them, the Smithsonian allows. The National Museum of Australia (NMA) has a divergent history compared with most other major Australian museums active in repatriation. While a 'National Museum' was proposed for decades, it only came into existence officially in 1980 with the passing of the National Museum of Australia Act. This means the National Museum of Australia does. A Repatriation Handbook. Download our free 120-page guide to repatriating Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Ancestral Remains. It looks at repatriation of ancestral remains from the museum and community side and is intended as a starting point for repatriation practice

The National Museum of the American Indian has a special field office to take care of repatriation. They have returned about 2,700 artifacts to communities across the Western Hemisphere, from. With repatriation in her job title, the decolonization of museums was and still is a focus for Bell. Decolonizing museums should not be left to the handful of Indigenous people that work in museums. It's like it's piled on, do my job and then decolonize the museum as well, she says. It's got to be the whole institution

Repatriation Director. The Field Museum. 1400 S Lake Shore Drive. Chicago, IL 60605. Or, they can be sent as an email attachment to hrobbins@fieldmuseum.org. Along with this letter, it would be helpful if the initial contact would indicate the geographical and cultural areas for which the representative seeks information and any alternative. As Museums Journal reports, other British museums engaged in global repatriation efforts, such as the Benin Dialogue Group and the Digital Benin project, include National Museums Scotland, the.

Repatriation: why Western museums should return African

The repatriation of art and cultural objects is a popular topic in the news and there is a familiar list of arguments on either side of the debate. The primary arguments for repatriation, most frequently deployed by countries and peoples who want their objects back, are: It is morally correct, and reflects basic property laws, that stolen or. A s a single piece of legislation, NAGPRA was both a step in the right direction and an imperfect compromise.. A s my friend and colleague (and SAPIENS editor-in-chief) Chip Colwell has eloquently argued, while NAGPRA seems to give power to tribes, actually museums and federal government agencies retain much, if not all, of the decision-making power.. For example, to make a repatriation claim. Who Owns the Past? Museums and Cultural Heritage Repatriation. In November 2018, a report commissioned by French President Emannuel Macron called for artifacts taken to France during the heyday of European imperialism in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries to be returned to Africa, sending shockwaves throughout the museum world

Peabody Museum's repatriation efforts encounter

Museum Sector Policy Deficit: Repatriation from United States Museums Caitlin S. Wunderlich, MSc The Museum Scholar, Volume 1, Number 1, 2017 Abstract With a mission to preserve objects in perpetuity, the museum sector grapples with repatriation and the ethical dilemma posed by some objects in museum collections. This dilemma is highlighted, sometimes on the global stage Repatriation. The Burke Museum is committed to both the legal and ethical principles of NAGPRA—federal law that allows tribes to reclaim human remains and cultural items from museums and other institutions. The Burke Museum actively works with Native American tribes to identify and repatriate the cultural items covered by the Native American.

The debate and law Figure \(\PageIndex{1}\): Bronze plaques from the Kingdom of Benin in the British Museum, many removed from Benin City during the Punitive Expedition of 1897 (photo: adunt, CC BY-NC 2.0). The repatriation of art and cultural objects is a popular topic in the news and there is a familiar list of arguments on either side of the debate Informal Session: Museums and Repatriation Organizers: Tarisi Vunidilo and Halena Kapuni Reynolds Over centuries, cultural objects and human remains from various cultures in the colonized world including Oceania have been collected by amateur and professional collectors (explorers, traders, anthropologists, colonial officials, casual travelers, etc.) and many are stored in international museums SUNDAY JAN 31, 2021 12PM PST. Get Our Newsletter. ONLINE: Repatriation and Ruin on Livestream. Ended Jan 31st at 02:30 PM. ONLINE: Repatriation and Ruin. H Hammer Museum. There is a growing call for museums to take greater responsibility in attending to the objects and histories that they represent. The traditional Western ethnographic museum.

Repatriation and the Radical Redistribution of Ar

  1. Repatriation seems the only way to address the historical injustice museums have caused. This is crucial to restore the agency of Africans as producers of their own history. Preservation is not the only answer to the question of what to do with the vast wealth of natural, cultural and intellectual items, including human remains, held in Western.
  2. 3-D printing is helping museums in repatriation and decolonization efforts. Manchester Museum recently returned items taken from Australia more than 100 years ago to Aboriginal leaders, the latest.
  3. Back in 2017, the Science Museum of Minnesota collections team worked with the Bois Forte Band to return a drum and a drumstick to their tribe. In the United States, museums that receive federal funding are required to follow the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA)
  4. The museum's Karanga Aotearoa Repatriation Program, established in 2003, has returned over 600 ancestors including toi moko and the remains of Maori and Moriori people, an indigenous group that.

Repatriating artworks (article) Khan Academ

  1. Even when a museum accepts a repatriation claim or affirms a cultural affiliation, it is the museum that authors and publishes the notice for the Federal Register. The National NAGPRA Program facilitates this process and requires certain standard information, such as physical description of the object or human remains
  2. About the BC Museums Association. The BCMA thanks the Indigenous Advisory Committee for their leadership in creating the Repatriation Call to Action and their dedication and support throughout its creation and publication. Since 1957 the BCMA has supported British Columbia's museum sector through professional development, advocacy, funding.
  3. Second, museums must be open to ceding decision‐making to a group comprising staff, claimants, interested communities, and external specialists which has been tasked with making a decision on repatriation and restitution issues. Museums must be prepared to relinquish control, and set aside the fetish of own­ ership by recognizing that other.
  4. What is NAGPRA?. The Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act is a Federal law passed in 1990. NAGPRA provides a process for museums and Federal agencies to return certain Native American cultural items -- human remains, funerary objects, sacred objects, or objects of cultural patrimony -- to lineal descendants, Indian tribes, and Native Hawaiian organizations
  5. Repatriation efforts have been going on for a long time In an effort to regain these pieces of art, the Nigerian government bought 30 Benin Bronzes from the British Museum between 1950 and 1972. However, this was only because Hermann Braunholtz, the museum's curator, thought that some of the items the museum held were duplicates and therefore.

Museums and Human Remains: Repatriation, Display, and

  1. The University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology has announced its action plan regarding the repatriation or reburial of ancestors, including the remains of Black Philadelphians within the Samuel G. Morton Cranial collection.This plan is based on an April 8, 2021 report outlining recommendations from the Morton Collection Committee, which was formed in August 2020; the.
  2. Under the 1990 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, known as NAGPRA, museums were required to inventory their collections and mark out which artifacts and ancestral remains.
  3. The difficult topic of repatriation is as deep, rich and varied as the collections the museum holds. But things must change, even if the change is slow at first, a commitment is needed to moving forward. To reject repatriation across all cases is short sighted and unnecessary and makes it seem to all the world that we really have not moved on.
  4. Museums and Cultural Heritage Repatriation [Listen to the podcast audio here .] In November 2018, a report commissioned by French President Emannuel Macron called for artifacts taken to France during the heyday of European imperialism in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries to be returned to Africa, sending shockwaves throughout the museum world

The Canadian Museum of History continues to respond to requests from communities for repatriation. Most, but not all, of these requests have come from Aboriginal communities. A Human Remains Policy, that includes provision for repatriation of human remains to First Nations, was established by the Corporation in 1991 The Association of Art Museum Directors (AAMD), of which the Met and some 220 other museums are members, does not keep statistics on repatriation claims or returns, as a spokesperson told The. About us Repatriation of ancestral remains. Museums Victoria recognises the rights of Indigenous peoples with respect to their cultural property, and through the Indigenous Repatriation Program has given priority to the return of Ancestral Remains to Australian Indigenous communities The repatriation debate is forcing museums to rethink what and who they are for and how they can best serve society. Some museums have taken decisions to return artefacts to their homeland, others to organise exhibitions dedicated to indigenous voices. Yet, in most cases, these efforts are scattered, or one-off events still infused with.

The repatriation debate: should museums return colonial

The first repatriation undertaken was from the Royal British Columbia Museum in 1998, bringing home the remains of seven ancestors (another 12 came home in 2000). The second was from the UBC Laboratory of Archaeology, and involved bringing home the remains of six ancestors. Initially, requests to repatriate their ancestors were not well received The Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard University says it will revise its repatriation policies in response to allegations that it has not fulfilled its legal obligations under. Today, the Benin Bronzes — the collective name to the looted artifacts from the 1897 expedition — are at the heart of debate about cultural restitution, repatriation, and decolonization of museums. In his book Brutish Museums: The Benin Bronzes, Colonial Violence and Cultural Restitution, Oxford archaeologist and Pitt River Museum. Respectful Repatriation Kimberly Christen Abstract In the last twenty years, many collecting institutions have heeded the calls by indigenous Obligations to Act in the Collaborative Work of Aboriginal Cultural Centers, Museum Anthropology 30, no. 2 (2007): 101-24

Should Museums Return Looted Artifacts to Their Countries

Many now think that museums should engage in a process of decolonisation: clearly stating the ways they benefitted from a racist and colonial past, addressing this power imbalance (which may involve repatriation) and actively engaging with minority groups so their present-day work is more inclusive of modern-day Britain Repatriation would mean the first transfer of the objects since they were donated to the museum around 50 years ago. Critical discourse on the housing of Benin objects in museums gained traction with the publication of the 2018 Sarr-Savoy report , which detailed the history of African objects during the French colonial period and recommended. Call For Repatriation The BCMA calls upon all publicly-funded institutions to repatriate ancestral human remains and burial items. Throughout the history of Canada, Indigenous peoples have had their belongings, language, culture, and even ancestors taken from them and housed in museums, universities, and private collections around the world This panel is organized to bring together museum directors, curators, architects, and scholars to comment on the recent discussions on repatriation and restitution as a form of reparation to colonized and looted lands. While museums in Europe and North America have occasionally returned objects to their native communities or lands of arrival, the issue of repatriation gained an accelerated.

To Repatriate or Not to Repatriate, That is the Question

Repatriation: An Approach For A Fairer Museu

SPRINGFIELD, Ill. - The Illinois State Museum (ISM) will join museums, universities, and museum professionals across five continents virtually April through June to present a four-part conversation series on repatriation and the return of cultural heritage After commissioning the 2018 report, which recommended that African treasures in French museums be returned, Macron vowed to repatriate 26 looted objects to the country of Benin—not to be.

Better Safe Than Sorry: American Museums Take Measures

  1. Attitudes toward returning cultural artifacts, often looted during colonization, are changing. In countries like France, Germany and Belgium, the talk has turned to restitution and repatriation
  2. Most attention has focused on demands for repatriation from major museums in London and Berlin, capitals of countries directly engaged in African colonization at the end of the 19th century
  3. Historian and curator James Cuno outlines the case against repatriation by arguing that culture is universal, and by mounting a robust defence of Western museum collections. He observes: By presenting the artefacts of one time and culture next to those of other times and cultures, encyclopaedic museums encourage curiosity about the world and.

Repatriation National Museum of the American India

Presented as a webinar on October 19, 2020, this panel was organized to bring together museum curators and scholars to comment on the recent discussions on r.. In a significant break with tradition, National Museums Scotland has adopted a new procedure and policy for the potential repatriation of certain items it has in its collection.Since 1866, the. I am a museum lover, admittedly. Yet, certain items simply do not belong in museums. Enter repatriation, the process of returning an item, usually of spiritual or symbolic significance, to its place and owner of origin. For the Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian, this means the long-overdue return of stolen human remains, funerary [ Repatriation at the Field Museum Outreach, relationship building, and collaboration with descendant communities is part of the repatriation process at the Field Museum. The Repatriation Program responds to repatriation requests through consultation with indigenous communities and lineal descendants as well as coordinating the review of requests.

Aboriginal remains repatriation - Creative Spirits

» Arts Council England: Guidelines for Museum Repatriatio

Repatriation seems the only way to address the historical injustice museums have caused. This is crucial to restore the agency of Africans as producers of their own history. Preservation is not the only answer to the question of what to do with the vast wealth of natural, cultural and intellectual items, including human remains, held in Western. For museums, repatriation applies more specifically to the return of human remains and cultural objects to Indigenous communities. Because the process of repatriation is different in each instance, we . 2 envision that this handbook will continue to evolve and transfor The Museum welcomes any information from the public that may help close gaps or provide further information into the history of an object's ownership. The Museum has been proactive in resolving ownership claims, as outlined in the Repatriation section below, and is currently researching other objects How NAGPRA Works in Museums. February 4, 2016 by Evan Hawkins. The Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, or NAGPRA, and museums. After NAGPRA was passed into law in 1990, museums, universities and federal institutions (under the umbrella of NAGPRA) had three years to compile inventories and summaries of human remains and objects

Can 3D printing drive repatriation efforts in museums

Museums are returning indigenous human remains but

Repatriation Policy Development. Emma Martin spoke about the process of developing a new repatriation policy at World Museum, Liverpool. The last few years have seen the development of individual repatriation policies for museums across the UK, rather than relying on Arts Council templates A note on diversity: art historical scholarship, even books about repatriation and criticisms of the manner in which museums handle acquisitions until just a few decades ago, is still a notoriously white field Museums Association, 2009). The repatriation of artifacts is a worldwide issue with many complexities. From Greece's continuing fight to have the Parthenon Marbles returned to Athens by the British Museum to Egypt's demands that the Berlin Museum return the famous bust of Queen Nefertiti, experience demonstrates that repatriation questions.

Restitution and repatriation - Collections Trus

The Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology is in talks with Ponca tribal leaders and a descendant of Ponca chief Standing Bear to repatriate to the Ponca people a pipe tomahawk that once. The Repatriation of the Vigango. Pillaging, taking without asking, manifest destiny—stolen ancestors. These are all terms and actions that modern-day society must contend with on the path to reparation, toward righting harmful wrongs. To look honestly at our collective actions, as a nation, community, or even a state museum, is a necessary. Repatriation exercises have generally proceeded without incident, attesting to the effectiveness of the methods and procedures applied by Australian museums in the repatriation process. This chapter describes the applied activities of the National Museum of Australia in repatriating ancestral remains and sacred objects

Islamic State Destruction Renews Debate Over RepatriationMy Personal Museum: New Museum, Old Debate

Reclaiming Identity: The Repatriation of Native Remains

Inquiries about repatriation concerns and procedures should be submitted in writing to: Christopher Woods, Ph.D. Williams Director. Penn Museum. 3260 South Street. Philadelphia, PA 19104-6324. director@pennmuseum.org The restitution of important cultural objects and repatriation of deceased community members is a vital component of decolonisation. The department Wissenschaftliche Sammlungserschließung und -dokumentation handles repatriation and restitution cases for the three ethnographic museums in Dresden, Leipzig, and Herrnhut

Blood Earth Fire | Te PapaBioBlitzing Tolaga Bay | Te Papa’s BlogItalian Police Forces Seize Stolen Egyptian Artifacts inDiscover Thiruvananthapuram | flydubai

The Guidelines for Repatriation of the Museum of Anthropology in British Columbia, for example, provide in part as follows: The Museum also acknowledges that all First Nations' material is part of the intellectual and cultural heritage of the respective First Nations . Repatriation means recognizing people's stake in their heritage, which in. Museums need to address cases both in the light of the present day situation and in a full and deliberate consciousness of all the historical circumstances. The question of human remains in museums is a developing issue. Policies made now may need to be reviewed in the future Art repatriation generally refers to the return of cultural objects to their country of origin. The Oxford English Dictionary defines repatriate as to return again to ones native country.8 Restitution is defined as the action 4 Elisabetta Povoledo, Getty Ex-Curator Testifies in Rome Antiquities Trial, N.Y. TIMES, March 21, 2009. British Museum Act ˛ ˙ and is led by guidance issued by the UK government's Department for Culture, Media and Sport. These policies in particular instruct how the Museum can act when human remains are subject to repatriation requests or how the Museum should care for human remains less than ˛ years old. However, wider aspects of the care o Contesting Human Remains in Museum Collections: The Crisis of Cultural Authority by Tiffany Jenkins argues that the support of repatriation of human remains from within the museum sector is symptomatic of new museological theory. Jenkins's book addresses the social and political mood in which the repatriation movement was born and outlines the motivations behind both pro- and anti.